Heat Casualties

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    We are in the middle of a heat wave expected to last for another week. Below is an excerpt from a FEMA Manual I found to very useful. The full document is attached and can also be found at http://www.google.com/url?sa=t&rct=j&q=&esrc=s&frm=1&source=web&cd=2&ved=0CE0QFjAB&url=http%3A%2F%2Fwww.training.fema.gov%2Femiweb%2Fdownloads%2FIS22%2FUnit2Contd.pdf&ei=cinxT6bDJebX6wG7xaTOBg&usg=AFQjCNENBg554Pbb7Z5va8oKwuVWPdLvjg&sig2=0XGIxQIs6AGsHsdn4UPC3A

    “The following are guidelines for what you should do if the weather is extremely

    • Stay indoors as much as possible and limit exposure to the sun.
    • Stay on the lowest floor out of the sunshine if air conditioning is not available.
    • Consider spending the warmest part of the day in public buildings such as
    libraries, schools, movie theaters, shopping malls, and other community
    facilities. Circulating air can cool the body by increasing the perspiration rate
    of evaporation.
    • Eat well-balanced, light, and regular meals. Avoid using salt tablets unless
    directed to do so by a physician.
    • Drink plenty of water. Persons who have epilepsy or heart, kidney, or liver
    disease; are on fl uid-restricted diets; or have a problem with fl uid retention
    should consult a doctor before increasing liquid intake.
    • Limit intake of alcoholic beverages.
    • Dress in loose-fi tting, lightweight, and light-colored clothes that cover as
    much skin as possible.
    • Protect face and head by wearing a wide-brimmed hat.
    • Check on family, friends, and neighbors who do not have air conditioning
    and who spend much of their time alone.
    • Never leave children or pets alone in closed vehicles.
    • Avoid strenuous work during the warmest part of the day. Use a buddy system
    when working in extreme heat, and take frequent breaks.

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